Universe does indeed use its own access language for reporting purposes. Updates and complex reports are done using the native Basic programming language. One of the good things about Universe and it other PICK-based cousins is that the total cost of ownership is very low. In all my time with Universe, administration took only 10-15% of my time. The rest of the time I spent in developing applications, helping users, getting work done. I have since been promoted?? to Oracle database administrator, and it is a full time job just to keep Oracle running. The tasks of programming, et.al. must be done by additional staff.