which means that the battleship New Jersey was launched in 1943; it belonged to the USA, carried 9 guns of size 16-inch (bore, or inside diameter of the barrel), and weighted (displaced, in nautical terms) 46,000 tons. A typical tuple for Battles is:
('Hood', 'North Atlantic', 'sunk')
That is, H.M.S. Hood was sunk in the battle of the North Atlantic. The other possible results are 'ok' and 'damaged'.
Write the following queries:
1. List all the pairs of countries that fought each other in battles. List each pair only once, and list them with the country that comes first in alphabetical order first.
2. For the battle of Surigao Strait, for each country engaged in that battle (had one or more battleships participating), give the number of its battleships that were sunk. Note: this question is very tricky. In particular, you need to deal with the (historical) case that a country engaged in the battle but did not have any ships sunk.