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Thread: backup problem

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jan 2002

    Unanswered: backup problem

    we are using informix 7.3 on windowsNT.
    when I try to connect the database using dbaccess I am getting the error like logical back up is required.

    our configuration file is like this:

    #************************************************* *************************
    # Title: onconfig.std
    # Description: Informix Dynamic Server Configuration Parameters
    #************************************************* *************************

    # Root Dbspace Configuration

    ROOTNAME rootdbs # Root dbspace name
    ROOTPATH D:\IFMXDATA\ol_websphere\rootdbs_dat.000 # Path for device
    containing root dbspace
    ROOTOFFSET 0 # Offset of root dbspace into device (Kbytes)
    ROOTSIZE 512000 # Size of root dbspace (Kbytes)

    # Disk Mirroring Configuration Parameters

    MIRROR 0 # Mirroring flag (Yes = 1, No = 0)
    MIRRORPATH # Path for device containing mirrored root
    MIRROROFFSET 0 # Offset into mirrored device (Kbytes)

    # Physical Log Configuration

    PHYSDBS rootdbs # Location (dbspace) of physical log
    PHYSFILE 30000 # Physical log file size (Kbytes)

    # Logical Log Configuration

    LOGFILES 29 # Number of logical log files
    LOGSIZE 16000 # Logical log size (Kbytes)
    LOG_BACKUP_MODE CONT # Logical log backup mode (MANUAL, CONT)

    # Diagnostics

    MSGPATH D:\INFORMIX\ol_websphere.log # System message log file path
    CONSOLE D:\INFORMIX\conol_websphere.log # System console message path
    ALARMPROGRAM # Alarm program path

    # System Diagnostic Script.
    # SYSALARMPROGRAM - Full path of the system diagnostic script (e.g.
    # c:\informix\etc\evidence.bat.) Set this parameter
    # if you want a different Diagnostic Script than
    # {INFORMIXDIR}\etc\evidence.bat, which is default.

    # System Archive Tape Device

    TAPEDEV /dev/null # Tape device path
    TAPEBLK 16 # Tape block size (Kbytes)
    TAPESIZE 10240 # Maximum amount of data to put on tape (Kbytes)

    # Log Archive Tape Device

    LTAPEDEV /dev/null # Log tape device path
    LTAPEBLK 16 # Log tape block size (Kbytes)
    LTAPESIZE 9216000 # Max amount of data to put on log tape (Kbytes)

    # Optical

    STAGEBLOB # Informix Dynamic Server/Optical staging
    OPTICAL_LIB_PATH # Location of Optical Subsystem driver DLL

    # System Configuration

    SERVERNUM 0 # Unique id corresponding to a server instance
    DBSERVERNAME ol_websphere # Name of default Dynamic Server
    DBSERVERALIASES # List of alternate dbservernames
    NETTYPE onsoctcp,1,,NET # Override sqlhosts nettype parameters
    DEADLOCK_TIMEOUT 60 # Max time to wait of lock in distributed env.
    RESIDENT 0 # Forced residency flag (Yes = 1, No = 0)

    MULTIPROCESSOR 0 # 0 for single-processor, 1 for
    NUMCPUVPS 1 # Number of user (cpu) vps
    SINGLE_CPU_VP 0 # If non-zero, limit number of cpu vps to

    NOAGE 0 # Process aging
    AFF_SPROC 0 # Affinity start processor
    AFF_NPROCS 0 # Affinity number of processors

    # Shared Memory Parameters

    LOCKS 10000 # Maximum number of locks
    BUFFERS 20000 # Maximum number of shared buffers
    NUMAIOVPS 1 # Number of IO vps
    PHYSBUFF 32 # Physical log buffer size (Kbytes)
    LOGBUFF 32 # Logical log buffer size (Kbytes)
    LOGSMAX 30 # Maximum number of logical log files
    CLEANERS 3 # Number of buffer cleaner processes
    SHMBASE 0xC000000L # Shared memory base address
    SHMVIRTSIZE 8192 # initial virtual shared memory segment size
    SHMADD 8192 # Size of new shared memory segments
    SHMTOTAL 0 # Total shared memory (Kbytes). 0=>unlimited
    CKPTINTVL 300 # Check point interval (in sec)
    LRUS 8 # Number of LRU queues
    LRU_MAX_DIRTY 60 # LRU percent dirty begin cleaning limit
    LRU_MIN_DIRTY 50 # LRU percent dirty end cleaning limit
    LTXHWM 50 # Long transaction high water mark percentage
    LTXEHWM 60 # Long transaction high water mark (exclusive)
    TXTIMEOUT 300 # Transaction timeout (in sec)
    STACKSIZE 32 # Stack size (Kbytes)

    # System Page Size
    # BUFFSIZE - Dynamic Server no longer supports this configuration parameter.
    # To determine the page size used by Dynamic Server on your
    # see the last line of output from the command, 'onstat -b'.

    # Recovery Variables
    # Number of parallel worker threads during fast recovery or an offline
    # Number of parallel worker threads during an online restore.

    OFF_RECVRY_THREADS 10 # Default number of offline worker threads
    ON_RECVRY_THREADS 1 # Default number of online worker threads

    # Data Replication Variables
    # DRAUTO: 0 manual, 1 retain type, 2 reverse type
    DRAUTO 0 # DR automatic switchover
    DRINTERVAL 30 # DR max time between DR buffer flushes (in sec)
    DRTIMEOUT 30 # DR network timeout (in sec)
    DRLOSTFOUND \tmp # DR lost+found file path

    # CDR Variables
    CDR_LOGBUFFERS 2048 # size of log reading buffer pool (Kbytes)
    CDR_EVALTHREADS 1,2 # evaluator threads (per-cpu-vp,additional)
    CDR_DSLOCKWAIT 5 # DS lockwait timeout (seconds)
    CDR_QUEUEMEM 4096 # Maximum amount of memory for any CDR queue
    CDR_LOGDELTA 30 # % of log space allowed in queue memory
    CDR_NUMCONNECT 16 # Expected connections per server
    CDR_NIFRETRY 300 # Connection retry (seconds)
    CDR_NIFCOMPRESS 0 # Link level compression (-1 never, 0 none, 9 max)

    # Backup/Restore variables
    BAR_ACT_LOG D:\INFORMIX\bar_ol_websphere.log #Path of log file for
    BAR_BSALIB_PATH D:\ISM\2.20\bin\libbsa.dll # Location of ISM XBSA DLL

    RESTARTABLE_RESTORE OFF #To support restartable restore..values on/off

    # Informix Storage Manager variables

    # Read Ahead Variables
    RA_PAGES # Number of pages to attempt to read ahead
    RA_THRESHOLD # Number of pages left before next group

    # Dynamic Server equivalent of DBTEMP for SE. This is the list of dbspaces
    # that the Dynamic Server SQL Engine will use to create temp tables etc.
    # If specified it must be a colon separated list of dbspaces that exist
    # when the Dynamic Server system is brought online. If not specified, or if
    # all dbspaces specified are invalid, various ad hoc queries will create
    # temporary files in /tmp instead.

    DBSPACETEMP tempdb # Default temp dbspaces

    # DUMP*:
    # The following parameters control the type of diagnostics information which
    # is preserved when an unanticipated error condition (assertion failure)
    # during Dynamic Server operations.
    # For DUMPSHMEM, DUMPGCORE and DUMPCORE 1 means Yes, 0 means No.

    DUMPDIR \tmp # Preserve diagnostics in this directory
    DUMPSHMEM 1 # Dump a copy of shared memory
    DUMPGCORE 0 # Dump a core image using 'gcore'
    DUMPCORE 0 # Dump a core image (Warning:this aborts Dynamic
    DUMPCNT 1 # Number of shared memory or gcore dumps for
    # a single user's session

    FILLFACTOR 90 # Fill factor for building indexes

    # method for Dynamic Server to use when determining current time
    USEOSTIME 0 # 0: use internal time(fast), 1: get time from OS(slow)

    # Parallel Database Queries (pdq)
    MAX_PDQPRIORITY 100 # Maximum allowed pdqpriority
    DS_MAX_QUERIES 32 # Maximum number of decision support queries
    DS_TOTAL_MEMORY 4096 # Decision support memory (Kbytes)
    DS_MAX_SCANS 1048576 # Maximum number of decision support scans
    DATASKIP # List of dbspaces to skip

    # 0 => Nested loop joins will be preferred (where
    # possible) over sortmerge joins and hash joins.
    # 1 => If the transaction isolation mode is not
    # "repeatable read", optimizer behaves as in (2)
    # below. Otherwise it behaves as in (0) above.
    # 2 => Use costs regardless of the transaction isolation
    # mode. Nested loop joins are not necessarily
    # preferred. Optimizer bases its decision purely
    # on costs.
    OPTCOMPIND 2 # To hint the optimizer

    ONDBSPACEDOWN 2 # Dbspace down option: 0 = CONTINUE, 1 = ABORT, 2 =
    LBU_PRESERVE 0 # Preserve last log for log backup
    OPCACHEMAX 0 # Maximum optical cache size (Kbytes)

    # HETERO_COMMIT (Gateway participation in distributed transactions)
    # 1 => Heterogeneous Commit is enabled
    # 0 (or any other value) => Heterogeneous Commit is disabled

    # Optimization goal: -1 = ALL_ROWS(Default), 0 = FIRST_ROWS
    OPT_GOAL -1

    # Optimizer DIRECTIVES ON (1/Default) or OFF (0)

    If I ran the command onbar -l
    I am not getting any response.

    so how can I get my server in to run mode.
    pl help me to solve this problem.


  2. #2
    Join Date
    Mar 2002


    Logical log backup can't start when LTAPEDEV is set to '/dev/null' ,
    before set it to another value you can use command ontape -s (TAPEDEV=/dev/null,LTAPEDEV=/dev/null) to unblock dbserver to continue your dbserver service

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Oct 2002
    Did you solve your problem?

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Aug 2002
    Can you post the output of 'onstat -l'?

  5. #5
    Join Date
    Oct 2002
    In informix environment the role of logical logs is very important to know. Much is up to you as DBA or up to the management in the company. As long as you have the LTAPEDEV param to NUL, you would not be able to restore ANYTHING but the exact last full backup you have.
    With logical logs backed up as soon as they gets filled up, you would be able to restre the last backup done, and then 'roll-forward' from the logical logs to the point in time where the last backed-up checkpoint accured.

    When the logical logs all are filled up, the instance would stall, waiting for a backup of the logical logs. This could be done in several ways.

    At the command line, with ontape -a or as part of a full backup with
    ontape -s -L 0. You could set the instance to automaticly back up logical logs as they fills up eiter with ontape -c. ( this console window can't be closed ) or with the tool IECC-console if you prefere that.

    Usually you would NOT want to loose your logical logs as you do now by setting LTAPDEV to whatever you would want it on \.\\TAPE0 ie.

    Hope this helps

  6. #6
    Join Date
    Mar 2002


    I think the situation is server has been blocked (Blocked:LBU)because can't backup logical log , the first thing must do is continue the service and set logical log backup parameter to protect from can't backup logical log again
    Last edited by dananio; 10-31-02 at 05:47.

  7. #7
    Join Date
    Oct 2002
    the LTAPEDEV in windows is not /dev/null but nul
    you need to take the service down, edit the onconfig (change tapedev also to nuk) and then restart the service.


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