The SQL field can be Text or Image. In your application add a reference to Microsoft ActiveX Data Library 2.5 (or later).
Then use the following to load the Word file into your SQL Table
Dim ado as New ADODB.Connection
Dim rs As New ADODB.Recordset
Dim mStream as New ADODB.Stream
ado.ConnectionString = "however you connect"
sql = "SELECT ID, MyDoc FROM MyTable Where 1=2"
rs.Open sql, ado, adOpenKeyset, adLockPessimistic
' Load the image into the DB field
Set mStream = New ADODB.Stream
mStream.Type = adTypeBinary
mStream.LoadFromFile "My Word Document.doc"
rs.Fields("MyDoc").Value = mStream.Read
Set rs = Nothing
Set ado = Nothing
Set mStream = Nothing
There are many ways to do this but this one works for me.